The book considers metrology both as a pure and application-oriented science basing on a system approach. The discussion is prefaced with the basics of the general theory of systems. Metrological problems of systems modeling are considered on the basis of the analysis of the conception of a system. It is shown that in the system information plays a role of an integral factor and control - an integral function. The essence of the system study is shown by the example of metrology.
The measurement traceability system (MTS) is dealt with as the basic metrological system. Its place in the measurement control system and national measurement system, the metasystems that rank next in the level, is shown. The structures of purposes, functions and subjects of the MTS are revealed, with emphasis on spacial(territorial) aspect or the level of localization.
The problem of centralization and decentralization are analyzed in the context of control in the MTS.
The structure and the scope of the problems of the main MTS subsystems: scientific, technical, organizational and legal are considered. Metrology of measuring systems, measuring information systems and measuring control systems were subjected to the methodological analysis. The advisability of applying the principles of metrological control to measuring information and control systems is justified. Measuring systems and measuring information systems are classified. A generalized structure of measuring control system including a measuring and information subsystems is presented. The role of classification as a general system function has been revealed. The necessity of estimating semantic information is shown, the requirements to estimates have been formulated, the relations used for estimation, as applied to the procedure of alternative and two-alternative check-in procedure, have been proposed.
The system outlook for the development of metrology is justified as a consequence of the present-day tendencies.
The discussion is illustrated with examples from measurements in navigation. A number of metrological problems are presented as a generalization of peculiarities of navigational measurements.
The book is intended for specialists of different branches of industry or science that make use of sophisticated measuring systems and complexes, as well as for designers of this kind of instrumentation. The book can be used by students and postgraduates who study the present-day metrology.
References: 166. Illustrations: 35.
Part 1. THE FUNDAMENTALS OF THE GENERAL THEORY OF SYSTEMS
Chapter 1. The conception of a system
Chapter 2. Modelling of systems
Chapter 3. Information and control in systems
Chapter 4. Methodology of system study
Part 2. METROLOGICAL SYSTEMS
Chapter 5. The measurement traceability system: purposes and functions
Chapter 6. The measurement traceability system: subject matter
Chapter 7. The measurement traceability system: spatial (territorial) aspect
Chapter 8. Control in the measurement traceability system: centralization and decentralization
Chapter 9. Scientific metrology subsystem
Chapter 10. The technical subsystem of metrology
Chapter 11. Organizational subsystem of metrology
Chapter 12. The legal subsystem of metrology
Part 3. METROLOGY OF MEASURING, MEASURING INFARMATION AND MEASURING CONTROL SYSTEMS
Chapter 13. Measuring systems
Chapter 14. Measuring information systems
Chapter 15. Measuring control systems
Part 4. THE SYSTEM OUTLOOK FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF METROLOGY
Chapter 16. The problem of the system boundary in metrology
Chapter 17. The forecast for the development of metrology
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Last updated September 20, 2002