**
Introduction** | **
3** |

**
Chapter 1. Laws of motion of AES center of mass in the near-Earth space** | **
14** |

1.1. General motion equation of material point in the outer space | **
-** |

1.2. Motion equation of AES center of mass near the Earth | **
16** |

1.3. Solution of motion equations of AES center of mass in the central gravitational field | **
23** |

1.4. Peculiarities of AES disturbed motion | **
33** |

1.5. Equations of mutual motion of SV in the near-Earth space | **
39** |

1.6. Influence of deviations in initial conditions on AES motion trajectory | **
42** |

1.7. General statement and solution principles of AES navigation problem using onboard measurements | **
54** |

**
Chapter 2. Statement and solution methods of AES orientation problems** | **
62** |

2.1. General statement of AES orientation problems and selection of coordinate systems | **
-** |

2.2. Orientation parameters and kinematic equations of AES motion around the center of mass | **
67** |

2.3. Possible solution algorithms for orientation kinematic equations | **
74** |

**
Chapter 3. Sources of primary navigation information for solution of AES navigation and orientation problems** | **
80** |

3.1. General characteristic of primary navigation information sources | **
-** |

3.2. Inertial sources of primary navigation information | **
85** |

3.3. Astronomical sources of primary navigation information | **
92** |

3.4. Possibilities to use some physical fields for AES navigation and orientation | **
105** |

3.5. Satellite navigation systems | **
109** |

3.6. Land command-and-measurement complexes | **
117** |

**
Chapter 4. Methods for determining AES orbit parameters at minimum amount of primary navigation information** | **
121** |

4.1. Problems of determining orbit parameters with the use of minimum amount of information | **
-** |

4.2. Determining position vector by measurements of zenith distances of two stars and flight altitude | **
127** |

4.3. Refinement of the position vector by measurements of primary navigation parameters | **
131** |

4.4. Determination of orbit parameters by measurements of the vector in several points | **
137** |

**
Chapter 5. Statistical methods for estimation of AES orbit parameters and orientation** | **
146** |

5.1. General statement of determination problems for AES orbit parameters and orientation in statistical methods of information processing | **
-** |

5.2. General procedure of information processing by statistical methods | **
151** |

5.3. Peculiarities of statistical processing methods application at estimating orbit parameters | **
172** |

**
Chapter 6. AES inertial navigation and orientation systems** | **
178** |

6.1. Construction principles and classification of AES inertial navigation and orientation systems | **
-** |

6.2. Functioning algorithms of AES strapdown inertial navigation systems in orientation mode (on passive flight phases) | **
206** |

6.3. Operation algorithms of AES strapdown inertial systems in navigation and orientation problem solution mode on active flight phases | **
222** |

**
Chapter 7. AES integrated onboard navigation and orientation systems** | **
228** |

7.1. Structure, arrangement and composition of integrated onboard navigation and orientation systems for AES | **
-** |

7.2. Astroinertial measuring unit | **
234** |

7.3. Functioning algorithms of integrated strapdown inertial navigation and orientation systems (SINOS) in orientation mode | **
249** |

7.4. Algorithms of SINOS drift astrocorrection in orientation mode | **
263** |

7.5. Algorithms for solution of navigation and orientation problems in emergency conditions | **
270** |

**
Chapter 8. Methods for accuracy estimation of AES navigation and orientation problems solution by onboard autonomous systems** | **
276** |

8.1. Problems and possible ways of accuracy estimation of AES navigation and orientation problems solution | **
-** |

8.2. General procedure for navigation accuracy estimation at processing by the method of least squares | **
280** |

8.3. Ways and possibilities of obtaining analytical accuracy estimates by using the results of statistical processing of discrete measurements | **
283** |

8.4. Methods for accuracy estimation of AES navigation and orientation problems solution by imitation mathematical simulation | **
307** |

**Conclusions** | **
319** |

**References** | **
320** |