journal "Gyroscopy and Navigation" /  Books: 2005 2004 2002 2000-2001 1997-1999   
 
  O.N.Anuchin, I.E. Komarova, L.F. Porfiryev
Onboard navigation and orientation systems for artificial Earth satellites
St. Petersburg: SRC of Russia - CSRI "Elektropribor", 2004. - 326 p.

Price - 60 RUR

© SRC of Russia - CSRI "Elektropribor", 2004
© O.N.Anuchin, I.E. Komarova, L.F. Porfiryev, 2004
ISBN 5-900780-53-8

The book deals with theoretical and practical issues of designing complex onboard navigation and orientation systems which form the basis for up-to-date motion control systems of space vehicles (SV) and artificial Earth satellites (AES). Algorithmic description of their operation processes is presented, accuracy estimate is given for tasks solution at different primary navigation information sources used, arrangement of its measuring. Up-to-date scientific methods of information processing using up-to-date equipment are described.
The book is intended for a wide range of specialists engaged in development, testing and operation of onboard navigation and orientation systems for SV and AES. It can be a good educational aid for senior students and postgraduates.

CONTENTS

Introduction 3
Chapter 1. Laws of motion of AES center of mass in the near-Earth space 14
1.1. General motion equation of material point in the outer space -
1.2. Motion equation of AES center of mass near the Earth 16
1.3. Solution of motion equations of AES center of mass in the central gravitational field 23
1.4. Peculiarities of AES disturbed motion 33
1.5. Equations of mutual motion of SV in the near-Earth space 39
1.6. Influence of deviations in initial conditions on AES motion trajectory 42
1.7. General statement and solution principles of AES navigation problem using onboard measurements 54
Chapter 2. Statement and solution methods of AES orientation problems 62
2.1. General statement of AES orientation problems and selection of coordinate systems -
2.2. Orientation parameters and kinematic equations of AES motion around the center of mass 67
2.3. Possible solution algorithms for orientation kinematic equations 74
Chapter 3. Sources of primary navigation information for solution of AES navigation and orientation problems 80
3.1. General characteristic of primary navigation information sources -
3.2. Inertial sources of primary navigation information 85
3.3. Astronomical sources of primary navigation information 92
3.4. Possibilities to use some physical fields for AES navigation and orientation 105
3.5. Satellite navigation systems 109
3.6. Land command-and-measurement complexes 117
Chapter 4. Methods for determining AES orbit parameters at minimum amount of primary navigation information 121
4.1. Problems of determining orbit parameters with the use of minimum amount of information -
4.2. Determining position vector by measurements of zenith distances of two stars and flight altitude 127
4.3. Refinement of the position vector by measurements of primary navigation parameters 131
4.4. Determination of orbit parameters by measurements of the vector in several points 137
Chapter 5. Statistical methods for estimation of AES orbit parameters and orientation 146
5.1. General statement of determination problems for AES orbit parameters and orientation in statistical methods of information processing -
5.2. General procedure of information processing by statistical methods 151
5.3. Peculiarities of statistical processing methods application at estimating orbit parameters 172
Chapter 6. AES inertial navigation and orientation systems 178
6.1. Construction principles and classification of AES inertial navigation and orientation systems -
6.2. Functioning algorithms of AES strapdown inertial navigation systems in orientation mode (on passive flight phases) 206
6.3. Operation algorithms of AES strapdown inertial systems in navigation and orientation problem solution mode on active flight phases 222
Chapter 7. AES integrated onboard navigation and orientation systems 228
7.1. Structure, arrangement and composition of integrated onboard navigation and orientation systems for AES -
7.2. Astroinertial measuring unit 234
7.3. Functioning algorithms of integrated strapdown inertial navigation and orientation systems (SINOS) in orientation mode 249
7.4. Algorithms of SINOS drift astrocorrection in orientation mode 263
7.5. Algorithms for solution of navigation and orientation problems in emergency conditions 270
Chapter 8. Methods for accuracy estimation of AES navigation and orientation problems solution by onboard autonomous systems 276
8.1. Problems and possible ways of accuracy estimation of AES navigation and orientation problems solution -
8.2. General procedure for navigation accuracy estimation at processing by the method of least squares 280
8.3. Ways and possibilities of obtaining analytical accuracy estimates by using the results of statistical processing of discrete measurements 283
8.4. Methods for accuracy estimation of AES navigation and orientation problems solution by imitation mathematical simulation 307
Conclusions 319
References 320

 
 
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Last updated September 5, 2005