25th Anniversary Saint Petersburg International Conference on Integrated Navigation Systems 25th Anniversary Saint Petersburg International Conference on Integrated Navigation Systems

25th Anniversary Saint Petersburg International Conference on Integrated Navigation Systems

28-30 May 2018
Saint Petersburg, Russia
General information

You are invited to take part in the 25th Anniversary Saint Petersburg International Conference on Integrated Navigation Systems to be held by the State Research Center of the Russian Federation - Concern Central Scientific and Research Institute Elektropribor, JSC, on 28-30 May 2018. 

This annual Conference has become a traditional event for scientists and engineers from all over the world involved in gyroscopy, satellite navigation and integrated systems to share the results of their investigations and discuss prospects for the future.

CONFERENCE TOPICS
  • Inertial sensors, navigation and orientation systems
  • Integrated navigation and motion control systems
  • Global navigation satellite systems
  • Gravimetric aids to navigation

  • Each topic covers the following aspects:

  • design features
  • methods and algorithms
  • application specific features (aerospace, marine, surface, underground)
  • testing and metrology
  • The Conference does not cover the issues related to military and technical cooperation, development of military technologies and weapons.

    The Program Committee considers it expedient to include survey papers and papers by young scientists (under 33 years old) in the Conference program..

    CONFERENCE LANGUAGES

    All presentations at the Conference will be held in Russian or English and will be simultaneously translated.

    CONFERENCE FORMAT

    The Conference program includes plenary and poster papers. Invited papers and Panel Discussion are scheduled.
    Proposals for the topics of Panel Discussion are accepted by the Program Committee.

    ABSTRACT AND PAPER SUBMISSION

    Abstracts of 600 words (not characters!) in English complying with the guidelines for abstract preparation posted on the Conference website should be submitted ONLINE via the Conference Management SystemCoMS-Elektropribor:

    Abstracts not complying with the above requirements or submitted after the deadline indicated in the IMPORTANT DATES section will not be considered by the Program Committee. 

    * * *

    The papers included in the Conference program should be prepared according to the paper publication instructions and submitted online via CoMS-Elektropribor system. Abstracts and papers sent by e-mail will not be accepted.

    CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS

    Please note, that the printed copies of the Conference Proceedings will not be published.
    The participants will get access to the preprints of the conference papers in English and Russian.
    The Russian preprints will only contain the papers by authors from Russia and other CIS countries.
    The texts of papers in English, presented at the Conference, will be submitted for publication in IEEE Xplore and will be indexed in Scopus, an international citation database.
    The Program Committee will recommend some selected papers for publication in the journal Gуroscopy and Navigation (indexed in Scopus), with authors' additional revisions as appropriate.

    CONFERENCE PROGRAM COMMITTEE
    Chairman - Academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences
    Prof. V. Peshekhonov - Russia
    Members:
    Mr. L Camberlein - France
    Dr. Yu. Litmanovich - Russia
    Dr. B. Rivkin - Russia 
    Dr. G.Schmidt- USA 
    Dr. B.Shebshaevich - Russia 
    Dr. A. Sokolov - Russia
    Prof. O. Stepanov - Russia 
    Prof. G. Trommer - Germany 
    Dr. A. Trusov – USA


    CONTACT ADDRESSES AND TELEPHONES OF REGION REPRESENTATIVES

    Germany and neighbouring countries:

    Prof. Dr.-lng. habil. Gert F. Trommer, FRIN 
    Institute of Systems Optimization (ITE) Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT)
    Kaiserstr. 12 Building 30.33 
    76128 Karlsruhe, Germany 
    Tel: +49 (0)721 608 4 2620 
    Fax: +49 (0)721 608 4 2623
    E-mail: gert.trommer@kit.edu

    France and neighbouring countries:

    Mr. Loic Camberlein
    32, Avenue de la Bourdonnais
    75007 Paris, France
    Tel: +33 -1 - 4551 4759
    E-mail: loic.camberlein@sfr.fr

    USA/Canada

    Dr. Alexander A. Trusov
    Senior Research Scientist
    Advanced Instrument and Sensor Development
    Northrop Grumman Corporation
    21240 Burbank Blvd. W19
    Woodland Hills, Calif. 91367-6675, USA
    Tel: +1 (818) 715 2918
    E-mail: alex.trusov@gmail.com

    Dr. George T. Schmidt
    10 Goffe Rd., Lexington, MA 02421, U.S.A.
    Tel: +1-781-863 1637
    E-mail: gtschmidt@alum.mit.edu

    SCHEDULE

    Presentation of invited papers (including Q&A) should be 45 minutes longplenary papers (including Q&A) – 20 min.
    The authors of poster papers at the plenary session are given 3 minutes to present the main idea of the paper with 1-2 slides, if any; further discussion will continue at the posters.

    IMPORTANT DATES

    01 November 2017 - deadline for abstract submission.
    01 February 2018 - list of accepted papers available on Conference website.
    24 February 2018 - preliminary program available on Conference website.
    15 March 2018 - deadline for submission of papers included in the Conference Program and prepared as per IEEE Xplore guidelines.
    01 February 2018 - 19 April 2018 - ONLINE registration of the Conference participants

    CONFERENCE FEES

    The Conference fee is $450 if paid before 01 April 2018 and $500 if paid after 01 April 2018.
    For students and post-graduates the Conference fee is reduced by 50%: $225 and $250 respectively.
    The fee includes participation in all Conference sessions, airport transfer to and from the hotels, transfer from the recommended hotels to the Conference venue, sight-seeing guided tour of Saint Petersburg, daily lunches and coffee breaks during three Conference days, banquet (on 29 May), transfer to the banquet and from the banquet to the recommended hotels.

    CULTURAL PROGRAM

    The Conference is held during the season of the White Nights. Guided city tour will be arranged for the participants of the Conference.
    Upon request, cultural program (sight-seeing tour, excursions to the museums and palaces of St. Petersburg and its suburbs) for three Conference days can be organized for the accompanying persons for extra charge.

    EXHIBITION

    Thematic exhibition is scheduled during the Conference.
    If you are interested, please send a letter describing the equipment to the Organizing Committee aticins@eprib.ru
    Since the showground area is limited, only the most interesting of the declared exhibits will be displayed. More information about the exhibition will be available on the Conference website.

    CONTACT INFORMATION

    State Research Center of the RF 
    Concern CSRI Elektropribor, JSC
    30, Malaya Posadskaya Ul., St. Petersburg,
    197046, Russia 
    Tel: +7(812) 499 81 18
    +7(812) 499 81 57
    Fax: +7(812) 232 33 76
    e-mailicins@eprib.ru

    Conference fee

    The Conference fee is $450 if paid before 01 April 2018 and $500 if paid after 01 April 2018. 
    For students and post-graduates the Conference fee is reduced by 50%: $225 and $250 respectively.

    The fee includes:

  • participation in all Conference sessions,
  • inclusion of the English version of paper in the IEEE Xplore Digital Library,
  • sight-seeing guided tour of Saint Petersburg,
  • daily lunches and coffee breaks during three Conference days,
  • transfer from airport/railway station to the hotels and back,
  • transfer from the recommended hotels to the Conference venue,
  • banquet (on 29 May),
  • transfer to the banquet and from the banquet to the recommended hotels.
  • The Conference fee by bank transfer should be paid under invoice.

    Please download invoice form, fill in the required data of Supplier and e-mail the form to the Conference Working Group (at icins@eprib.ru).

    In response you will receive the fully completed document (comprising bank details of Recipient) signed by the Chairman of the Conference Program and Organizing Committees and certified by the enterprise stamp.
    Paper submission

    PLENARY PAPER PRESENTATION

    Instructions for Preparing Slides of Computer Presentation

    A multimedia projector is available at the Conference to demonstrate computer presentation.
    Need in any additional equipment should be announced beforehand.

    To make the slides more informative please prepare the visual aids for your paper, complying with the following requirements:

  • slides should contain purpose, abstract and main results of work;
  • all texts on slides must be written in English;
  • slides should be vivid, rich in contrast, not overloaded with text and formulas;
  • slides should be prepared in PowerPoint or in PDF format;
  • letters in inscriptions and symbols in formulas must be seen from a distance of 15 m; (text of at least 18-20 pt and titles 24 pt min).
  • ATTENTION! 
    1. To help the interpreters in their work, please send the preliminary version of your presentation ONLINE via conference management system CoMS-Elektropribor to the working group of the Organizing Committee by May 15, 2018. 
    2. You must have a carrier with the final version of your presentation at the conference.
    The USB-memory device, CD, DVD should be used as carriers for your final presentation. 
    3. The files of paper presentation should be copied in advance (before the scheduled session beginning) to the computer in the Conference Room from which the file will be run during the paper presentation, as well as test run should be done to check if the text, formulas, figures, etc. are displayed correctly.

    POSTER PAPER PRESENTATION

    The authors of poster papers at the plenary session are given 3 min to present the main idea of the paper with 1-2 slides, if any. Further discussion will continue at the posters.

    I. Instructions for Preparing Slides of Computer Presentation

    A multimedia projector is available at the Conference to demonstrate computer presentation.
    Need in any additional equipment should be announced beforehand.

    To make the slides more informative please prepare the visual aids for your paper, complying with the following requirements:

  • slides should contain purpose, abstract and main results of work;
  • all texts on slides must be written in English;
  • slides should be vivid, rich in contrast, not overloaded with text and formulas;
  • slides should be prepared in PowerPoint or in PDF format;
  • letters in inscriptions and symbols in formulas must be seen from a distance of 15 m; (text of at least 18-20 pt and titles 24 pt min).
  • ATTENTION! 
    1. To help the interpreters in their work, please send the preliminary version of your presentation ONLINE via conference management system CoMS-Elektropribor to the working group of the Organizing Committee by May 15, 2018. 
    2. You must have a carrier with the final version of your presentation at the conference. The USB-memory device, CD, DVD should be used as carriers for your final presentation.
    3. The files of paper presentation should be copied in advance (before the scheduled session beginning) to the computer in the Conference Room from which the file will be run during the paper presentation, as well as test run should be done to check if the text, formulas, figures, etc. are displayed correctly.

    II. Instructions for Preparing Posters of Poster Presentation

    Stands of ISO A0 format for placing posters will be arranged at the Conference. 
    Poster paper title, authors’ names and organizations will be indicated on them.

    To make the posters more informative, please prepare them complying with the following requirements:

  • posters should contain purpose, fundamentals and main results of work;;
  • all texts on posters must be written in English;
  • posters should be demonstrative, clearly arranged, colorful, not overloaded with text and formulas;
  • paper sheet of portrait orientation (or two sheets of landscape orientation) for the poster should not exceed ISO A0 format (841-1189 mm) (or (841-94 mm) correspondingly);
  • make 30 mm margins at the top and bottom and 25 mm margins on the left and right;
  • Arial font should be used for representing text information;
  • inscriptions to photographs, diagrams and tables should be readable from a distance of 1.5-2 m;
  • both gray-scale and color pictures can be used on posters;
  • the paper title, authors’ names and organizations should be written at the bottom of each poster (character height should not exceed 10 mm).
  • ATTENTION!
    1. Posters printed in compliance with these requirements must be handed over to the working group members during the registration before the morning session begins, to be placed on the stands. 
    2. If you need any help in poster printing, please send the files with the posters by the e-mail to the working group of the Conference Organizing Committee by May 15, 2018. 
    E- mail: ICINS@eprib.ru – the Working group

    Registration of conference participants

    REGISTRATION
    of the 25th Saint Petersburg International Conference on Integrated Navigation Systems

    The International Program Committee and Organizing Committee of the 25th Saint Petersburg International Conference on Integrated Navigation Systems (25ICINS2018) invite specialists in navigation and motion control to take part in the Conference to be held on 28 - 30 May 2018 at the State Research Center of the Russian Federation - Concern CSRI Elektropribor, JSC, St. Petersburg, Russia.

    Registration of the Conference participants is carried out ONLINE via the Conference Management System CoMS-Elektropribor (http://comsep.ru).

    1. If you are the System User, enter the CoMS-ELEKTROPRIBOR using your PIN and Password. Forgotten PIN and Password can be retrieved through the System using link “Forgot password?”

    2. If you were not registered in the CoMS earlier, please register in the System:

  • Using the link «New user» go to page «New User»,
  • Fill in the fields of the Registration Form offered to you,
  • Get acquainted with the conditions of the End User License Agreement,
  • Confirm, if so, that you have got acquainted with the End User License Agreement and accept its conditions,
  • Press button «Register», to get your PIN to enter the System. You will be notified of your registration in the System by E-MAIL.
  • ATTENTION: to secure your PIN and Password confidence, please indicate your E-MAIL address correctly.

    3. From the list of conferences select: 25th Anniversary Saint Petersburg International Conference on Integrated Navigation Systems

    4. Enter your Virtual Office.

    5. Select tab “My participation”.

    6. Register for the 25th ICINS2018.

    We look forward to welcoming you at the Conference!

    REGISTRATION
    via the CoMS-Elektropribor
    (http://comsep.ru)

    Abstract submission

    INSTRUCTIONS FOR PREPARING PAPER ABSTRACTS

    Text of the paper abstract of 600 words (not characters) should be prepared in English and submitted ONLINE to the Conference Organizing Committee via Conference Management System CoMS-Elektropribor at http://comsep.ru

    Abstract submission deadline is 1 November 2017.

    The abstract should state the goal, principal points and conclusions of the study.

    Avoid abbreviations unless commonly accepted ones (e.g. GPS, GLONASS, etc.).

    The use of references, figures, and formulas is not recommended.

    When preparing the abstract please comply with the following requirements:

    Typeset the text using a computer in Word for Windows in A4 format with Times New Roman font and 12 ptsize; 5 mm indentation, single spaced text, and justified alignment should be used.
    The abstract text should follow the following details required for each author:

  • AUTHOR’S FAMILY NAME PRECEDED BY INITIALS OF HIS/HER FIRST NAME(S) (IN CAPITAL LETTERS),
  • organization name, address, telephone number and E-mail (in Italics);
  • paper title (in bold letters)
  • ATTENTION!
    Below the paper abstract text please indicate the contact person’s details for communication with the Organizing Committee, if any questions arise:

  • Form of address (Dr., Prof., Mr., Ms.), full name,
  • telephone number and E-mail address.
  • Abstracts not complying with the above requirements or sent by e-mail will not be accepted by the Organizing Committee and will not be considered by the Program Committee!

    Instruction on Paper Abstracts Submission 
    via the system «CoMS-ELEKTROPRIBOR»

    1. Visit the site of the Conference Management System «CoMS-ELEKTROPRIBOR»:

    2. Use your PIN and Password if you submitted (!) your paper to the conferences held by Concern CSRI Elektropribor, JSC in the last years and are registered in the Conference Management System, to enter the system.

    3. If you forgot your PIN or/and Password, retrieve it/them through the system using link Forgot password?

    4. Register in the system if you did not register your paper/abstract for the conferences held by Concern CSRI Elektropribor, JSC in 2013-2017 and are NOT registered in the System:

  • Using the link «New user» go to page «New User»,
  • Fill in the fields of the Registration Form offered to you,
  • Get acquainted with the conditions of the End User License Agreement,
  • Confirm, if so, that you have got acquainted with the End User License Agreement and accept its conditions,
  • Press button «Register», to get your PIN to enter the System. You will be notified of your registration in the System by E-MAIL.
  • ATTENTION:

  • to secure your PIN and Password confidence, please indicate your E-MAIL address correctly (the system e-mails all the messages to its users at the E-mail addresses indicated by them at registration).
  • 5. From the list of events select the conference to the Organizing Committee of which you wish to submit your paper abstract:

    25th Saint Petersburg International Conference on Integrated Navigation Systems (25 ICINS2018)

    6. Enter your Virtual Office, to create and submit your paper abstract.

    7. On Main page you will see the list of actions available. Get acquainted with them.

    8. Using the link «My papers» go to page «My papers»

    9. Press button «Create new abstract/paper».

    10. Fill in the fields: «Text», «Keywords» and «Authors».

    11. After completion of fields Text, Keywords and data of all the Authors save your abstract/paper by pressing button “Save as abstract/paper” 
    The paper number (N) will be assigned by the system to your abstract/paper, and it will appear in your List of abstracts/papers

    12. Press tab «FILES» and upload file of your paper abstract.
    ATTENTION! The content of field «Text» of the abstract and the text of the uploaded file of the abstract should be the same!

    13. Good luck!

    We look forward to your paper abstract submission!

    Entrance to the site of CoMS-ELEKTROPRIBOR system
    (http://comsep.ru)


    Program
    Conference results

    PHOTO GALLERY

    Dear colleagues, to see the photos from the conference, please go to this link.

    Service booking

    INFORMATION ABOUT THE SERVICES

    Dear participants of the 25th Anniversary Saint Petersburg International Conference on Integrated Navigation Systems!

    Monomax Ltd. company - the official service-agent of the 25th Anniversary Saint Petersburg International Conference on Integrated Navigation Systems (25ICINS2018) to be held on 28– 30 May 2018 - will render the conferees and their accompanying persons (by their request) the services on providing:

  • preparation of documents for getting Russian Visas (tourist visa),
  • hotel reservation,
  • transportation.
  • ATTENTION!
    1. To enter the Russian Federation, all the Conference participants and all accompanying persons must get a Russian Visa (tourist visa).

    Visa is required for all persons who have passports. The passport must be valid at least 6 months past the date of your departure from Russia.

    Two types of visa can be issued:

  • Tourist visa (can be issued quickly and easily on the basis of a hotel voucher),
  • Business Visa.
  • Please find out beforehand what kind of visa you need and inform the Organizing Committee of it.

    In case you need to execute a Business Visa, please urgently let the Conference Organizing Committee know.

    Note that payment for the Business Visa Invitation formalities via the Administration of the Federal Migration Service of the Russian Federation is not included in the Conference fee.

    Please notify the Conference Organizing Committee about the receipt of your visa and specify its type (tourist or business visa) by e-mail: icins@eprib.ru or fax: +7 (812) 232 33 76.

    Regarding the services please use the following contact details:

    Ms Ekaterina Afanasieva
    Tel.: +7 812 335-2055 ext. 120
    Fax: +7 812 335-2039
    E-mail: Ekaterina.Afanasieva@monomax.org

    To order the services, please go to the website of the Conference service-agent:
    http://onlinereg.ru/icins
     Dear participants of the 25th Anniversary Saint Petersburg International Conference on Integrated Navigation Systems!

    Monomax Ltd. company - the official service-agent of the 25th Anniversary Saint Petersburg International Conference on Integrated Navigation Systems (25ICINS2018) to be held on 28– 30 May 2018 - will render the conferees and their accompanying persons (by their request) the services on providing:

  • preparation of documents for getting Russian Visas (tourist visa),
  • hotel reservation,
  • transportation.
  • ATTENTION!
    1. To enter the Russian Federation, all the Conference participants and all accompanying persons must get a Russian Visa (tourist visa).

    Visa is required for all persons who have passports. The passport must be valid at least 6 months past the date of your departure from Russia.

    Two types of visa can be issued:

  • Tourist visa (can be issued quickly and easily on the basis of a hotel voucher),
  • Business Visa.
  • Please find out beforehand what kind of visa you need and inform the Organizing Committee of it.

    In case you need to execute a Business Visa, please urgently let the Conference Organizing Committee know.

    Note that payment for the Business Visa Invitation formalities via the Administration of the Federal Migration Service of the Russian Federation is not included in the Conference fee.

    Please notify the Conference Organizing Committee about the receipt of your visa and specify its type (tourist or business visa) by

    e-mail: icins@eprib.ru or fax: +7 (812) 232 33 76.

    Regarding the services please use the following contact details:

    Ms Ekaterina Afanasieva
    Tel.: +7 812 335-2055 ext. 120
    Fax: +7 812 335-2039
    E-mail: Ekaterina.Afanasieva@monomax.org

    To order the services, please go to the website of the Conference service-agent:
    http://onlinereg.ru/icins

    Contact information
    State Research Center of the RF 
    Concern CSRI Elektropribor, JSC
    30, Malaya Posadskaya Ul., St. Petersburg,
    197046, Russia 
    Tel: +7(812) 499 81 18
    +7(812) 499 81 57
    Fax: +7(812) 232 33 76
    e-mail: ICINS@eprib.ru
    Conference venue
    30, Malaya Posadskaya Ul.
    Sights and attraction
    Достопримечательности Санкт-Петербурга
    Государственный Эрмитаж
    Эрмитаж - один из крупнейших художественных музеев мира, экспозиция которого расположена в более, чем 350 залах. Особое место занимают парадные интерьеры дворца. В музее открыты экспозиции Отдела античного мира, Западноевропейского отдела, Отдела Востока, Отдела первобытной культуры, Отдела истории русской культуры, "Золотая кладовая", нумизматики. В залах Эрмитажа регулярно экспонируются художественные собрания из крупнейших музеев мира.
    Русский музей
    Русский музей - первый в стране государственный музей русского изобразительного искусства, основан в 1895 году в Санкт-Петербурге по Указу императора Николая II. Торжественно открылся для посетителей - 19 марта (7 марта по старому стилю) 1898 года. Русский музей сегодня - это уникальное хранилище художественных ценностей, известный реставрационный центр, авторитетный научно-исследовательский институт, один из крупнейших центров культурно-просветительской работы, научно-методический центр художественных музеев Российской Федерации, курирующий работу 260 художественных музеев России.
    Собор Спас-на-крови
    Православный мемориальный однопрестольный храм во имя Воскресения Христова. Собор привлекает пышностью и количеством декора: фигурными наличниками, кокошниками, поясками, изразцами, цветной глазурованной черепицей. Пять куполов храма покрыты ювелирной эмалью площадью 1 000 кв. м. Его колокольню украшают мозаичные гербы городов и губерний Российской империи.
    Исаакивский собор
    Исаакиевский собор является самым крупным собором города Санкт-Петербурга, способный вместить в себя одновременно 12000 человек. С колоннады собора открывается великолепный вид на Санкт-Петербург. Исаакиевский собор имеет величайший колокол весом в 1800 пудов и 23 фунта, кроме языка. И еще 11 колоколов тончайшего звучания.
    Казанский собор
    Казанский собор был возведен на месте небольшой церкви, в которой находилась чудотворная икона Казанской Божьей Матери, в честь которой собор и был назван. По требованию Павла I храм должен был походить на собор Святого Петра в Риме. Казанский собор стал самым большим храмом начала 19 века.
    Летний сад
    Летний Сад, один из красивейших парков Петербурга, ограничен с северной стороны набережной Невы, с восточной - рекой Фонтанкой, с западной - Лебяжьей канавкой. По велению Петра в Летнем Саду были сооружены фонтаны и гаванец - особая инженерная конструкция, служащая для удобного подъезда с реки к парадному входу. В петровское время сад именовали "царским огородом". К 1714 году стоявший здесь дом был окончательно переделан и теперь известен как Летний дворец Петра I. Он хорошо сохранился и является прекрасным образцом петровской архитектуры.
    Александро-Невская Лавра
    Александро-Невская Лавра - один из старейших архитектурных комплексов Санкт-Петербурга, основанный во времена Петра I. Лавра располагается в конце Невского проспекта, она отделена от площади Александра Невского полукруглой каменной стеной. Более полное её название Свято-Троицкая Александро-Невская Лавра, она является в настоящее время действующим мужским монастырём Санкт-Петербургской епархии.
    Петропавловская крепость
    Петропавловская крепость является одним из интереснейших архитектурных и фортификационных памятников Европы. Система бастионов применена при её постройке впервые в России. Крепость - это первое сооружение, которое положило начало возведению Петербурга. В Комендантском доме расположена экспозиция по истории Петербурга с момента основания и до 1917 года. Уникальный Монетный Двор также находится на территории крепости. Проводятся экскурсии в Печатню, где собрана обширная коллекция старинной графики.
    Кунсткамера
    Здание Кунсткамеры на Университетской набережной - одна из немногих сохранившихся до наших дней построек петровского времени. Музей насчитывает более миллиона экспонатов и отражает все многообразие культур народов Старого и Нового Света.
    Музей-квартира А.С.Пушкина
    В этом доме А.С.Пушкин, смертельно раненый на дуэли, скончался 29 января 1837 года. Сейчас музей представляет собой воссозданную в своем первоначальном облике на основе исторических документов и воспоминаний друзей квартиру первого поэта России, где можно увидеть вещи, принадлежавшие его семье, друзьям и знакомым.
    Литературно-мемориальный музей Ф.М.Достоевского
    Литературно-мемориальный музей Ф.М.Достоевского был открыт 12 ноября 1971 года в доме на Кузнечном переулке 5/2. В этом доме Достоевский дважды снимал квартиру: в течение очень короткого времени в 1846 году и с октября 1878 года до дня своей смерти - 28 января 1881 года. Начало и конец творческого пути оказались сопряженными в одной точке.
    Пригороды Санкт-Петербурга
    Извара
    Извара - старинная русская усадьба, с которой связаны детские и юношеские годы Н.К.Рериха - знаменитого русского художника.
    Петродворец
    Памятник мировой архитектуры и дворцово-паркового искусства. Включает в себя дворцово-парковый ансамбль XVIII-XIX веков - бывшую загородную царскую резиденцию, превращённую в музей после национализации 19 мая 1918 года.
    Ломоносов (Ораниенбаум)
    Первоначальное имя города - Ораниенбаум, которое было закреплено за ним до 1948 года. В 1948 году он получил новое имя, которое носит по сей день - Ломоносов. Ломоносов до сих пор считается одним из красивейших пригородных садово-парковых ансамблей Петербурга.
    Пушкин
    Город Пушкин расположен к югу от Петербурга. Свое название, данное ему в честь великого русского поэта, жизнь которого была тесно связано с этими местами, город получил только в 1937 году. До 1918 года он назывался Царским Селом. Царское Село - выдающийся образец мировой архитектуры и садово-паркового искусства.
    Павловск
    Дворцово-парковый ансамбль "Павловск" - памятник архитектуры конца XVIII - нач. XIX вв. В его создании принимали участие выдающиеся архитекторы, декораторы и живописцы XVIII-XIX веков - Ч. Камерон, В. Бренна, А. Воронихин, Дж. Кваренги, К. Росси, П. Гонзаго и др.
    Стрельна
    Один из старейших петербургских пригородов. Для воплощения грандиозных замыслов императора в Стрельну были приглашены знаменитые архитекторы Жан-Батист Леблон и Бартоломео Растрелли.
    Go to top
    Go to top