State Research Center of the Russian Federation
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Marine navigation simulators: problems of choice

  I. I. Nedzelskiy

220 p.
© I. I. Nedzelskiy, 2002
S.Petersburg, SRC of Russia - CSRI Elektropribor, 2002 (in Russian)
ISBN 5-900780-39-2.

The necessity of writing this book stems from the fact that there is no consensus in determining the end use of a certain simulator, evaluation of its quality being ambiguous and opinions often contradictory and subjective. The lack of clarity in these cardinal questions of designing and application of training facilities hampers the solution of simulator structure synthesis problems, makes it difficult to estimate costs for their design, manufacturing, implementation and operation, prevents the customer, designer and user of simulators from reaching full agreement and clear understanding of the issues concerning training facilities.
The book discusses the following problems:
- Ascertainment of all the component parts of technical and organizational control systems whose particular features must be shown in the requirements to simulators as a class of technical systems;
- Formulation of the whole body of the requirements to a certain system of training aids and each of its component parts;
- Establishment of the factors that take proper account of the end use of a simulator;
- Availability of various multiple arrangements of the simulator, depending on a trainee, and development of methods used to choose from these multiplicity the ones that are capable of satisfying some particular purposes of training under certain constraints;
- Analysis of the efficiency in using training facilities;
- Development of methods used to choose a complex of training facilities capable of providing efficient professional training of operators for technical systems.
The author hopes that the book will be useful to engineers engaged in developing training facilities, teachers and methodologists of the "man-machine" system - a system of professional training of operators. It will serve as a theoretical background and practical guide in choosing a complete set of training facilities for professional training and in determining the functional purpose of each of its component parts in preparing requirements specification for designing, manufacturing and delivery of simulators.
The discussion is illustrated with the examples from the development of ship navigation complexes.

Bibliography: 175 references. 8 illustrations.


Introduction. 3
Chapter 1. Peculiarities of the professional activity and training of operators for "man-machine" systems
by using simulators
 1.1. Procedural aspects of interaction between man and machines-
 1.2. Organizational and methodical aspects of professional training of operators for technical systems29
 1.3. Simulators and problems connected with their development and designing40
Chapter 2. Application of the theory of multilevel hierarchical systems in designing simulators for professional training of operators for "man-machine" systems66
 2.1. Coordination problem in the theory of multilevel hierarchical systems 70
 2.2. Procedure of choosing the type of the simulator as a two-level decision problem75
 2.3. Synthesis of the system of forming requirements to simulators as a class of technical systems78
 2.4. Choice of the technique for developing a procedure (algorithm) for the synthesis of the system of forming requirements to simulators84
Chapter 3. Organization of training of operators for "man-machine" systems with a multilevel organizational structure 88
 3.1. Organization of training of a multilevel body of operators -
 3.2. Techniques for determining variants in organization of training101
 3.3. Organization of training of operators for ship navigation complexes-
Chapter 4. Efficiency of using simulators of navigation complexes 112
 4.1. Factors and prerequisites for highly-efficient professional training with the use of simulators -
 4.2. Criteria of simulator efficiency120
   4.2.1. Completeness and adequacy of execution of training aims as a criterion of efficiency of a training aid
    in professional training
   4.2.2. Minimization of time losses as a criterion of methodological efficiency of training facilities in professional
   4.2.3. Flexibility in controlling the course of training as a criterion of didactic efficiency of using training facilities 147
   4.2.4. Performance data of the simulator computer aids as a criterion of its operational efficiency 157
 4.3. Analysis of efficiency of using simulators for training navigation system operators158
Chapter 5. Procedures of choosing a complex of training facilities capable of providing efficient professional training of specialists for the navigator's department of naval ships 177
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Journal "Giroskopiya i Navigatsiya" website (in Russian)
• based on fiber-optic gyros (FOG)
• based on micromechanical gyros (MMG)
• Shipborne speed and depth meters
• Magnetic compasses
• Communication complex Distancia-E
• Integrated Shipborne Communication and Broadcasting Complex P-409
• Trailing towed array device K-697E
• Equipment for shipborne self-powered telephone communication BTS
• Shipborne automatic digital telephone exchange P-443E
• Floating information assemblies for submarines
• Mobile aeromarine gravimeter Chekan-AM
• Multi-purpose bottomhole remote sensing system UZTS-90
• Micromechanical gyro MMG-2
• Micromechanical gyro MMG-EPTRON
• Multi-channel micro-acceleration measurement system SINUS
• Autonomous attitude control system for low-orbiting spacecrafts