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Gravity-inertial technologies in geophysics

  (Collected articles and papers, 199 pages) (in Russian)
Under the editorship of  V.G.Peshekhonov, Academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences
Author - G.B.Volfson, Doctor of Sciences
Saint-Petersburg, CSRI "Elektropribor", 2002
ISBN 5-900780-40-6

© SSC RF CSRI "Elektropribor"
© International Public Organization "Academy of Navigation and Motion Control"

The digest contains papers devoted to gravity-inertial technologies applied to geophysical instrument-making.
Theoretical problems, technical issues, and experience in development and practical use of geophysical equipment in gravimetry, gravity gradiometry and inclinometry of mining holes are considered.
The digest includes four articles from journal "Gyroscopy and Navigation" (1999, 2000, and 2001), two articles from journal "Geophysical equipment" (1999), article from journal "Proceedings of the Academy of Sciences" (1996), three papers presented at the 9th St.Petersburg International Conference on Integrated Navigation Systems (2002), and 8 papers prepared specially for the present edition.
The digest is meant for the specialists involved in development of geophysical equipment, engineers, teachers of higher education institutions, post-graduate students, and students.

CONTENTS

Foreword 5
Gravimetry

L.K. Zheleznyak, V.N. Koneshov
Up-to-date methods for studying gravity field of the World ocean
9
L.K. Zheleznyak
The Russian marine gravimetric system
14
A.V. Sokolov, S.V. Usov, L.S. Elinson
Gravity survey in conditions of marine seismic work
21
B.A. Blazhnov, L.P. Nesenjuk, V.G. Peshekhonov, A.V. Sokolov, L.S. Elinson, L.K. Zheleznyak
An integrated mobile gravimetric system. Development and test results
33
V.N. Ilyin, Yu.L. Smoller, S.Sh. Yurist
A mobile ground-based gravity meter. Development and test results
45
V.N. Berzhitzky , V.N. Ilyin , E.B.Saveliev, Y.L. Smoller, Yu.V. Bolotin, A.A.Golovan, N.A.Parusnikov, G.V. Popov, M.V. Chichinadze
GT-1A inertial gravimeter system design experience and results of flight tests
48
O.A. Stepanov, B.A. Blazhnov, D.A. Koshaev
The efficiency of using velocity and coordinate satellite measurements in determining gravity aboard an aircraft
61
Yu.I. Nikolsky
Problems of reduction in high-accuracy gravity measurements in geodesy and geology
75

Gravity gradiometry

G.B. Volfson
State and prospects of gravity gradiometry development
90
A.B. Manukin
Design of a measuring system for a highly sensitive gravity gradiometer using vertical pendulums
105
M.S. Petrovskaya, G.B. Volfson
Construction of geopotential models by the satellite gradiometry data
111
V.G. Peshekhonov, G.B. Volfson
Problem solution for design of a gravity variometer operating on a moving base
118
G.B. Volfson, M.I. Evstifeev, V.G. Rozentsvein, M.P. Semenova, Yu.I. Nikolsky, E.V. Rokotyan, S.F. Bezrukov
A new generation of gravity variometers for geophysical investigations
122

 Borehole navigation

A.A. Molchanov, G.S. Abramov
Navigation in investigation of underground space in searching, exploring and developing mineral deposits
136
V.G. Rozentsvein
State of the art of borehole gyroscopic navigation systems
146
E.V. Freiman, S.V. Krivosheyev, V.V. Losev
Peculiarities of attitude algorithm construction for gyroscopic inclinometers based on a single-axis gyrostabilizer
168
N.P. Rogatykh
Methodical aspects of inclinometer design
178
V.M. Suminov, D.V. Galkin, A.A. Maslov
A mathematical error model of a gyro inclinometer
190
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Contents with abstracts
Journal "Giroskopiya i Navigatsiya" website (in Russian)
• based on fiber-optic gyros (FOG)
• based on micromechanical gyros (MMG)
• Shipborne speed and depth meters
• Magnetic compasses
• Communication complex Distancia-E
• Integrated Shipborne Communication and Broadcasting Complex P-409
• Trailing towed array device K-697E
• Equipment for shipborne self-powered telephone communication BTS
• Shipborne automatic digital telephone exchange P-443E
• Floating information assemblies for submarines
• Mobile aeromarine gravimeter Chekan-AM
• Multi-purpose bottomhole remote sensing system UZTS-90
• Micromechanical gyro MMG-2
• Micromechanical gyro MMG-EPTRON
• Multi-channel micro-acceleration measurement system SINUS
• Autonomous attitude control system for low-orbiting spacecrafts